7.5 earthquake hit earthquake

Aid workers in Papua New Guinea say the death toll from last week’s 7.5 earthquake has reached at least 67, as the country’s remote highlands were again rocked by strong aftershocks.

Three aftershocks, each stronger than magnitude 5, shook the rugged Southern Highlands early on Monday, spreading fear in a region already badly damaged when the largest quake to hit the region struck a week ago.

Aid is beginning to trickle into the worst affected regions but the extent of the devastation has taken days to emerge because of the area’s remoteness – about 500km from the capital Port Moresby.

Udaya Regmi, the head of the Red Cross office in Papua New Guinea, said the death toll was expected to keep climbing.

“We know at least 500 people are injured and 127,000 people need immediate aid such as food, water, shelter and healthcare” Regmi said.

“Many places that have been struck are still inaccessible, except by walking in, so there is a huge supply issue in delivering aid. We definitely need more help from our neighbours and the aid community, this is turning into a humanitarian crisis.”

Isaac Pulupe, a resident of Tari, in Hela Province, which bore the brunt of the quake, told Radio New Zealand that most buildings in his town of 10,000 had collapsed, including the school and part of the hospital.

“Most people have been traumatised emotionally from all that is happening and the continual earthquakes going on, their gardens and even homes have collapsed.” Pulupe said.

“We’ve heard that there are international charity organisations committed to come to help us, but we haven’t seen them yet. We only have the provincial government team trying to go around doing the assessments.”

All four regions struck by the quake remain under a state of emergency and the government has freed up emergency funding to expedite the relief effort, but major landslips, widespread cuts to power and communications and destroyed roads have made coordinating the relief effort to this remote and impoverished region exceedingly challenging.

Last week, the Red Cross committed several hundred thousand dollars to the earthquake relief effort, but admitted they were struggling to access the worst affected areas, as only helicopters could get in.

The Australian government donated a plane, AU$200,000 (£112,000) and relief supplies such as tarpaulins and water purification tablets.

Darian Clark, the humanitarian duty officer at the Australian high commission in Papua New Guinea, said the effects of the quake were catastrophic.

“This was the biggest earthquake in a hundred years and it spread 150 kilometres across the fault line,” he said. “A number of urban settlements, as well as villages, have been affected. Many in the form of landslides and landslips, which means that roads have been cut off, water contaminated, power knocked out and other widespread effects for the local people.

“This is the first round of humanitarian relief supplies to be provided to the affected area and we understand there is a desperate need for the items we’re taking up. So I think the priority of what we are doing cannot be understated.”

The New Zealand foreign minister, Winston Peters, said his country would make a one-off donation of NZ$500,000 towards the relief effort, and a RNZAF C130 Hercules aircraft carrying emergency relief supplies would depart for Port Moresby on today.

“The rugged terrain and loss of communications in the area impacted means it is taking time to build a complete picture of the damage but we know that tens of thousands of people are reported as requiring humanitarian assistance,” Peters said.

“New Zealand is working with Papua New Guinean authorities, the United Nations, donors and aid agencies on the ground to identify how New Zealand can best assist.”

The Guardian. Mon 5 Mar 2018. Papua New Guinea earthquake death toll reaches 67. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/mar/04/papua-new-guinea-hit-by-aftershocks-of-fatal-earthquake